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Jnana-Yoga :2-17.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 17.
 (Delivered in London)17.

I am the Emperor of the world." "No," replied the man, "I don't care for those things."
The Emperor replied, "If you do not go, I will kill you."
The man smiled serenely and said, "That is the most foolish thing you ever said, Emperor. You cannot kill me.
Me the sun cannot dry, fire cannot burn, sword cannot kill, for I am the birthless, the deathless, the ever-living omnipotent, omnipresent Spirit." This is spiritual boldness, while the other is the courage of a lion or a tiger.


In the Mutiny of 1857 there was a Swami, a very great soul, whom a Mohammedan mutineer stabbed severely.
The Hindu mutineers caught and brought the man to the Swami, offering to kill him.
But the Swami looked up calmly and said, "My brother, thou art He, thou art He!" and expired.

This is another instance.
What good is it to talk of the strength of your muscles, of the superiority of your…

Jnana-Yoga :2-16.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 16.
(Delivered in London)

16.

Is it practical ? — is another question.

Can it be practised in modern society?

Truth does not pay homage to any society, ancient or modern.

Society has to pay homage to Truth or die.

Societies should be moulded upon truth, and truth has not to adjust itself to society.

If such a noble truth as unselfishness cannot be practiced in society, it is better for man to give up society and go into the forest.

That is the daring man.

There are two sorts of courage.

One is the courage of facing the cannon.

And the other is the courage of spiritual conviction.

An Emperor who invaded India was told by his teacher to go and see some of the sages there.

After a long search for one, he found a very old man sitting on a block of stone.

The Emperor talked with him a little and became very much impressed by his wisdom.

He asked the sage to go to his country with him. "No," said the sage, "I am quite satisfied with my fo…

Jnana-Yoga :2-15.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 15.
(Delivered in London)

15.
This is the basis of all ignorance that we, the immortal, the ever pure, the perfect Spirit, think that we are little minds, that we are little bodies; it is the mother of all selfishness.

As soon as I think that I am a little body, I want to preserve it, to protect it, to keep it nice, at the expense of other bodies; then you and I become separate.

As soon as this idea of separation comes, it opens the door to all mischief and leads to all misery.

This is the utility that if a very small fractional part of human beings living today can put aside the idea of selfishness, narrowness, and littleness, this earth will become a paradise tomorrow; but with machines and improvements of material knowledge only, it will never be.

These only increase misery, as oil poured on fire increases the flame all the more.

Without the knowledge of the Spirit, all material knowledge is only adding fuel to fire, only giving into the hands …

Jnana-Yoga :2-14.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 14.
(Delivered in London)

14.
What is the utility, the effect, the result, of this knowledge?

In these days, we have to measure everything by utility — by how many pounds shillings, and pence it represents.

What right has a person to ask that truth should be judged by the standard of utility or money?

Suppose there is no utility, will it be less true?

Utility is not the test of truth.

Nevertheless, there is the highest utility in this.

Happiness, we see is what everyone is seeking for, but the majority seek it in things which are evanescent and not real.

No happiness was ever found in the senses.

There never was a person who found happiness in the senses or in enjoyment of the senses.

Happiness is only found id the Spirit.

Therefore the highest utility for mankind is to find this happiness in the Spirit.

The next point is that ignorance is the great mother of all misery, and the fundamental ignorance is to think that the Infinite weeps and cries, …

Jnana-Yoga :2-13.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 13.
(Delivered in London)

This is the whole history of man. Finer and finer becomes the veil, more and more of the light behind shines forth, for it is its nature to shine. It cannot be known; in vain we try to know it. Were it knowable, it would not be what it is, for it is the eternal subject.

Knowledge is a limitation, knowledge is objectifying. He is the eternal subject of everything, the eternal witness in this universe, your own Self. Knowledge is, as it were, a lower step, a degeneration. We are that eternal subject already; how can we know it? It is the real nature of every man, and he is struggling to express it in various ways; otherwise, why are there so many ethical codes? Where is the explanation of all ethics?

One idea stands out as the centre of all ethical systems, expressed in various forms, namely, doing good to others. The guiding motive of mankind should be charity towards men, charity towards all animals. But these are all var…

Jnana-Yoga :2-12.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 12.

(Delivered in London)

We are not individuals yet. We are struggling towards individuality, and that is the Infinite, that is the real nature of man. He alone lives whose life is in the whole universe, and the more we concentrate our lives on limited things, the faster we go towards death. Those moments alone we live when our lives are in the universe, in others; and living this little life is death, simply death, and that is why the fear of death comes.

The fear of death can only be conquered when man realises that so long as there is one life in this universe, he is living. When he can say, "I am in everything, in everybody, I am in all lives, I am the universe," then alone comes the state of fearlessness. To talk of immortality in constantly changing things is absurd. Says an old Sanskrit philosopher: It is only the Spirit that is the individual, because it is infinite.

No infinity can be divided; infinity cannot be broken into pie…

Jnana-Yoga :2-11.

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CHAPTER -2. THE REAL NATURE OF MAN : 11.

(Delivered in London)


People are frightened when they are told this.

They will again and again ask you if they are not going to keep their individuality.

What is individuality?

I should like to see it.

A baby has no moustache; when he grows to be a man, perhaps he has a moustache and beard.

His individuality would be lost, if it were in the body.

If I lose one eye, or if I lose one of my hands, my individuality would be lost if it were in the body.

Then, a drunkard should not give up drinking because he would lose his individuality.

A thief should not be a good man because he would thereby lose his individuality.

No man ought to change his habits for fear of this.

There is no individuality except in the Infinite.

That is the only condition which does not change.

Everything else is in a constant state of flux.

Neither can individuality be in memory.

Suppose, on account of a blow on the head I forget all about my past; then, I have lost all indi…